Escrow and Title

Experienced Real Estate Lawyers Advising Aventura Clients

If you are buying or selling a home in South Florida, you will face certain mandatory steps. Once a buyer makes an offer, and the seller either counteroffers or accepts, a purchase agreement will be signed. In almost all cases, a deposit must be given to an escrow agent, who will oversee the account and the documentation related to it. Once these funds are deposited, either the lender or the real estate agent in a cash transaction will try to obtain title information from the buyer's attorney. At Stok Folk + Kon, our Aventura real estate attorneys can help with every step of a property transaction, including escrow and title.

Understanding Escrow and Title

In Florida, when a real estate broker receives funds or items of value from someone interested in buying or selling real estate, the funds or items of value need to be placed into a trust account, insured escrow account, bank, credit union, or title company. This must happen at the latest by the end of the third business day after the person receives the funds or items to be deposited.

The buyer's attorney will order documents that contain important information about the property and conduct a title examination. Title is a legal document indicating ownership, and it is transferred from a seller of real estate to a buyer. The lawyer will also order an independent title search from an insurance underwriter, who can verify that the seller owns the property and that there are no encumbrances on the property, such as liens or contracts that might interfere with the transfer. Once a report is obtained, the attorney starts a title examination. The lawyer will issue a title commitment to the buyer and the lender, based on the information in the title report.

A prospective buyer needs the title examination to make sure that the seller has clear or marketable title to the real estate being transferred. The Marketable Record Title Act (MRTA), as set forth in Florida Statutes § 712.04, provides a shortened method of title examination.

Marketable record title is supposed to be free and clear of all interests, claims, estates, and charges that depend on any act, omission, event, or title transaction that happened before the effective date of the root of title. Anyone who has the legal capacity to own land and has been vested with ownership in land for 30 years or more is considered to have a marketable record title to that land, which is free of all claims except for certain exceptions in connection with marketability.

Under the MRTA, an attorney will follow a process to find a root of title that is at least 30 years old, although the actual root of title will probably be more than 30 years old. In other words, the MRTA process shortens the examination process in connection with claims older than the root of title.

In effect, MRTA created a statute of limitations for claims, streamlining the title examination process and eliminating the possibility of excessively old defects. A title transaction that is going to be used as a root of title must include a recorded instrument or court proceeding that affects title, a sufficient description of the land, and the creation or transfer of a claimed estate, as well as being of record for at least 30 years.

Consult an Aventura Attorney for Your Real Estate Needs

For many people, the purchase or sale of real estate is one of the most expensive transactions of their lives. The Aventura real estate lawyers at Stok Folk + Kon can provide you with experienced legal counsel in connection with escrow and title. Our attorneys have represented homeowners, condo owners, landlords, tenants, business owners, property management companies, and private equity lenders. We also serve clients in Fort Lauderdale, Hallandale, Coral Springs, Hollywood, Pembroke Pines, and other Broward, Miami-Dade and West Palm Beach County cities. Call our firm at (305) 935-4440 or complete our online form to set up an appointment if you need a real estate closing attorney or assistance with other issues in a property transaction.